Community brigades were put to the test during floods in Tabasco, Mexico

Wednesday, June 30, 2021

When Tabasco experienced the most severe floods in decades last autumn local community brigades were put to the test. Leveraging their human and social capital developed through our joint work they provided early warning and quickly organized first response operations in cooperation with Civil Protection and the Mexican Red Cross.

Community brigades and the Mexican Red Cross work closely together to support flood affected households in Monte Grande
Community brigades and the Mexican Red Cross work closely together to support flood affected households in Monte Grande. Photo by: Antonia Martínez, Brigade Member of Monte Grande

Creating community brigades to build flood resilience

The Mexican Red Cross has worked with flood prone and marginalized communities in Tabasco as part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance since 2013. These are communities who used to struggle to access the support they needed, and lacked social mechanisms for preventing and responding to floods.

To fill these gaps the Mexican Red Cross have initiated and supported the creation of community brigades. These community-based groups of up to ten people receive training on for example evacuation, shelter, and first aid and are equipped with resources including tools, first aid kits, and protective equipment. Special attention is being paid to social inclusion so that the brigades reflect the diversity of community members.

The idea behind the brigades is to strengthen the first link in the emergency response chain. So that when hazards occur, the community is able to self-organize and respond to the emergency until external support arrives. Once support arrives, the community brigades can support with coordination, management, and provision. Brigades in the different communities we work with are connected with each other and with relevant authorities and institutions, particularly with the institute for Civil Protection, a national government body responsible for protecting the population during disaster events.

Since brigade members are part of the communities, they are present not only in the aftermath of a disaster, but can engage in longer term activities. For example raising awareness of flood risks.

The worst floods in a decade

Fields and houses in the Torno Largo 2da Sección were flooded in November 2020
Fields and houses in the Torno Largo 2da Sección were flooded in November 2020. Photo by Héctor Correa, Zone Brigade Coordinator

In October and November 2020, several cold fronts as well as hurricanes Eta and Iota brought intense rainfall and floods to Tabasco.

Communities we are working with, or have worked with in the past, as part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance were badly affected. These were the worst floods since 2011. Road Access was cut, people’s homes flooded, and crops were lost. Many community members were forced to evacuate, often more than 40 kilometers from their homes.

The floods disrupted access to and mobility within communities
The floods disrupted access to and mobility within communities. Photo by Eliborio López, Zone Brigade Coordinator

While the floods were the worst in a decade, communities were prepared. The community brigades proved to be of great value to their communities before, during, and after the floods.

Put to the test, community brigades demonstrate their value

Recognition of the community brigades by local authorities, particularly Civil Protection, was really valuable as it meant they received the latest forecasts and information. This was passed between brigades and onto other community members who could take timely action to prepare. For example, some families removed assets and belongings from flood threatened areas and stored them in safe places.

The good communication between the brigade coordinators was helpful to know what was happening in each community and what actions the communities have taken.

Yngrit Pérez, Brigade Member

Thanks to the early warnings, and strong communication between stakeholders, community brigades could start planning response activities even before the flood arrived. In Monte Grande for example community members cooperated to purchase fuel and, together with the Civil Protection of the Municipality of Jonuta, worked to remove the water using motor pumps provided by the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance.

Zone Brigade Coordinators meet to discuss the flood situation in communities and potential response activities
Zone Brigade Coordinators meet to discuss the flood situation in communities and potential response activities. Photo by Paulo Cerino

Community brigades are able to identify needs and receive support

In Monte Grande brigade members work with the Mexican Red Cross to deliver humanitarian aid to flood affected community members.
In Monte Grande brigade members work with the Mexican Red Cross to deliver humanitarian aid to flood affected community members. Photo by Paulo Cerino

Through their connections with Civil Protection and the Mexican Red Cross the community brigades were able to quickly access emergency support.

In Monte Grande they carried out a Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis (DANA) which was used to request specific support from government institutions.

The brigade coordinator communicated directly with the coordinator of the Civil Protection Institute of the State of Tabasco and was able to express the community’s needs. As a result, the Mexican Army delivered 450 food parcels and the federal government activated a water treatment plant.

The community brigades also mobilized to support recovery activities led by Mexican Red Cross, generously supported by Zurich Mexico. Together with Red Cross staff and volunteers, community brigades distributed health kits to households. These were accompanied by sessions to promote good practice health and hygiene, particularly important in light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

I consider that the benefits of the brigade were that we were able to create the situation report, to communicate about the situation in each community, and to send the report to the state civil protection. Fortunately they answered our mail. They know that there are brigades in Jonuta, and that they are active and ready to help during the emergency.

Yngrit Pérez, Brigade member

Seeing the importance of brigades more community members want to join

After the floods, as community members have seen the value of community brigades in an emergency, interest in joining has grown significantly. In the past we have faced challenges with limited participation in some communities. Since the flood it has been much easier to inspire community members to join and invest in the local brigade.

Coordination of aid delivery with the community brigade in Santa Rita, Teapa. Photo by Guadalupe Pérez, Operational Manager

Nation-wide recognition and scale-up of the community brigade methodology

This latest test for the community brigades has once again highlighted the important role they play in building community flood resilience. There are strong arguments for establishing similar community-based groups in other flood prone communities, in Mexico and elsewhere.

It’s great that the local, state, and federal authorities recognize this too. In 2019 the Mexican Red Cross received the National Civil Protection award for the community brigade methodology we’ve developed and it has been included in Tabasco’s most recent State Development Plan (2019 – 2024).

If you want to find out more about the work that the Mexican Red Cross is doing as part of the Zurich flood Resilience Alliance have a look at our where we work page or our Year 2 Learning Report where you can find a case study about the community brigades.

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  • 16 December 2021 by Cale Johnstone, Mexican Red Cross This blog was originally published last month on the Flood Resilience Portal. Since 2014 the Mexican Red Cross MRC has worked to strengthen community resilience together with the IFRC as part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance. The Flood Resilience Program in Mexico PRAIM, for its initials in Spanish has focused on building capacities and reducing vulnerabilities in more than 20 flood-affected communities in the state of Tabasco.

  • In the Karnali river basins in Nepal, rural communities are facing rapid on-set flash floods during the monsoon season often leading to massive impacts to lives and assets. Therefore Early Warning Systems, improved disaster management coordination between communities and local and national governments, creation of emergency plans and implementation of alternative livelihoods are part of the interventions. In the Rimac basin in Peru, communities are improving their preparedness for the El Niño season by identifying evacuation routes and emergency plans, capacity building of brigades and supporting communities to engage with local governments on DRR planning.