How can land use planning help to reduce flooding?

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) describes land use planning as the process undertaken by public authorities to identify, evaluate and decide on different options for the use of land, including consideration of long-term economic, social, and environmental objectives and the implications for different communities and interest groups, as well as the subsequent formulation of plans that describe permitted or acceptable uses of land. 

The Sendai Framework highlights the importance of land use planning for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and suggests that disaster risk assessments should be mainstreamed into land use policy development and implementation. 

By understanding and analysing flood risk, including future risks in a changing climate, and plan developments based on this understanding of risk the impacts of flooding can be significantly reduced and disasters avoided. 

Here we have collected a range of resources that can help build your knowledge of the role land use planning can play in reducing flood risk and improve your understanding of good practice in land use planning. You can also use the Resource Library to search for more resources on this, or another, topic.