How to measure vulnerability to flooding?
Vulnerability is multidimensional (economic, social, demographic, political/institutional and psychological) that affect people’s susceptibility to environmental hazard and is influenced by a number of factors, at different levels from the local to the global. Vulnerabilities differs between families in a same village. Some families/ social, ethnic or religious groups may be highly vulnerable to disaster – through poverty, location or type of housing, sickness in the family etc – while other families may be much less vulnerable. Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis/Assessment (VCA) identifies groups who are vulnerable, the factors that make them vulnerable, how they are affected and their needs and capacities, and ensures that projects, programmes and policies address these needs.