For many Nepalese, daily survival takes precedence over long-term recovery, especially in the aftermath of a disaster when resources are scarce. There is a need for social recovery mechanisms that allow households to begin recovery while tending to daily needs. Such programs could include making it simpler for households and small businesses to access loans. These programs could also provide short-term employment opportunities (i.e., repairing and rebuilding damaged infrastructure). They might also offer livelihood and skills-based trainings that take into account the market for the skill, the raw materials needed, and whether those materials are locally available. Recovery initiatives also need to take into consideration the core systems and services upon which local livelihoods depend (i.e., roads, communications, water). For example, it is not enough to merely provide farmers with a more reliable water supply. Farmers also need training on crop diversification, as well as access to markets, and a way to package and transport crops. ‘Secondary systems’ could include communication services that enable market tracking and the ability to store non-perishable crops until market prices rise. Not only people in urban areas, but also those in rural ones depend on such systems. Recovery support needed for households and core services will vary by location; local residents need to also have input on the recovery approach that best serves them. Combining recovery efforts for households with core service provision, and providing what is needed based on input from local communities, will support both short- and long-term recovery. It will encourage re-building in a better, less vulnerable and more flood resilient way.
|Author:||Karen MacClune;Kanmani Venkateswaran;Kanchan Mani Dixit;Shobha Yadav;Sumit Dugar;Rajani Maharjan|
|Published Date:||November, 2015|