Taking action for self and others reduced the opportunity to feel like a “victim.”
Creating opportunities for people to take positive action reduces the sense of helplessness, and increases the individual ability of people to bounce back. People in Lyons and Jamestown, for example, were stranded for days, surrounded by rushing water. Yet they pulled together, searched for other trapped people, cooked up large barbecues with food before it spoiled, created their own volunteer roles in town. In the recovery period hundreds of people have participated in committees and working groups to create recovery plans, taking control of the future of their towns.