Catalyzing Innovation: Governance Enablers of Nature-Based Solutions
There is growing recognition that using the properties of nature through nature-based
solutions (NBS) can help to provide viable and cost-effective solutions to a wide range of societal
challenges, including disaster risk reduction (DRR). However, NBS realization depends critically on
the governance framework that enables the NBS policy process. Drawing from three case studies
in Nocera Inferiore (Italy), Munich (Germany), and Wolong (China), we identify key governance
enablers—the contextual preconditions, policy processes, and institutions—that proved essential
for NBS initiation, planning, design, and implementation. In the three cases, interviews confirm the
success of the NBS measures and their benefits in terms not only of DRR but of multiple ecological
and social–economic co-benefits. Results highlight critical governance enablers of NBS, including:
polycentric governance (novel arrangements in the public administration that involved multiple
institutional scales and/or sectors); co-design (innovative stakeholder participatory processes that
influenced the final NBS); pro-NBS interest and coalition groups (organized pressure groups that
advocated for an NBS); and financial incentives (financing community-based implementation and
monitoring of NBS). Findings show that the transition to NBS can contribute to multiple global
agendas, including DRR, climate change adaptation, and sustainable development.
Martin, J.;et al.
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