The first chapter speaks to the appropriateness of community-based needs analysis. The second chapter addresses common challenges relevant to gathering correct and pertinent information for disaster relief and rehabilitation. It also gives recommendations for constituting an analysis team and details the Assessment Process. Chapter 3 suggests four different types of reports—as appropriate for the relief phase: Flash Reports, Initial Reports, Interim Reports, and Final Reports. Detailed formats for each type of report are provided in the Annexure. Chapter 4 makes suggestions relevant to standardizing information systems for decision makers to be able to act quickly. Chapters 5 and 6 discuss the Sphere Project’s Minimum Standards in Disaster Response and the Red Cross’s Humanitarian Charter. Here a checklist is provided to guide community need analysis. These sections provide specific and useful guidelines organized meaningfully by categories of Water and Sanitation, Food Security and Food Aid, Shelter and Site Planning, and Health Services. The Annexure includes suggested formats for providing reports to authorities and the media, suggestions for taking community resource inventory, and a sheet of common needs in Indian disaster management.
Bhatt, Mihir R.; Pandya, Mehul; Murphy, Charlotte
All India Disaster Mitigation Institute
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