Disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies are the cornerstone of formalised action for reducing
natural hazard-related disaster risk and setting the strategic direction for a district, country or
region to become more resilient to disasters.
Of the seven Sendai Framework global targets, international attention has increasingly
concentrated on the one with the most urgent deadline, Target E. Target E commits governments
to increase the number of countries with local and national DRR strategies by 2020.
While advancing progress on Target E and increasing the number of local and national DRR
strategies has been adopted as a global policy priority (McElroy, 2017), less attention has been
paid to how strategies can or should take context into consideration, especially contexts affected
by violent conflict.
This working paper explores whether DRR strategies, frameworks, tools and approaches make
reference to conditions of conflict, and if so how. While evidence on the coverage of DRR
strategies is patchy, preliminary information suggests that contexts typically classified as conflictaffected, post-conflict or fragile are least likely to have DRR strategies.
DRR strategies could potentially acknowledge and address how vulnerabilities to disaster and
conflict may be shared, how conflict could contribute to disaster risk and vice-versa, and how DRR
strategies could be used as a vehicle for conflict prevention and peacebuilding.
Katie Peters, Laura E.R. Peters, John Twigg and Colin Walch
Overseas Development Institute
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