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Funding Disasters: Tracking global humanitarian funding for response to natural hazards

This study analysed international financial flows to nine countries (Kenya, Lesotho, Peru, Mozambique, Haiti, Vanuatu, Nepal, Indonesia, and DRC) for the 18 months after recent crises (drought, flood, cyclone, earthquake, and epidemic) to understand funding timelines and other features. This is a diverse set of cases, but some interesting findings emerge. Very little funding (2.3%) was pre-arranged and often fast and flexible UN humanitarian funding played a crucial role in kick-starting the emergency response. While humanitarian funding for rapid-onset crises, which have a strong ‘CNN effect’, was often reasonably fast, funding for drought remains extremely slow. In fact, it is development rather than humanitarian actors that provide most (74%) of the funding; the World Bank is the biggest funder (50%) and also one of the slowest. Finally, the study found that low amounts of funding, and the delays in its arrival, has an unequivocal human cost, often with long-term consequences. The study recommends that a greater proportion of funding is pre-arranged based on pre-agreed triggers for response. For unforeseen risks, a greater proportion of funding should be via fast and flexible mechanisms. Development partners should increase investment to support government led crisis response and all actors need to work together to solve the problem of poor response to drought. The World Bank should consider how to speed up funding for crises and as more than half of all funding was in the form of loans, more work is needed to explore the role of loans in crisis response and recovery for the poorest countries.
Author: Crosslye, E.; Hillier, D.; Plichta, M.; Rieger, N.; Waygood, S.
Language: English
Pubished By: Centre for Disaster Protection
Pubished date: May 2021

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