Spotlight on social equity, finance and scale Promises and pitfalls of nature-based solutions
Human activity has modified and deteriorated natural ecosystems in ways that reduce
resilience and exacerbate environmental and climate problems. Physical measures to
protect, manage and restore these ecosystems that also address societal challenges in
sustainable ways and bring biodiversity benefits are sometimes referred to as “naturebased solutions” (NbS). For example, reducing deforestation and restoring forests is a major opportunity for climate mitigation, while protecting or restoring coastal habitats can mitigate damage to coastal areas from natural hazard events, in addition to potentially providing co-benefits related to livelihood, recreation, and biodiversity.