Transformative Adaptation and Social Justice in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
This case study is part of the UNRISD project “Transformative Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal
Cities” which explores adaptation decision-making processes and barriers to transformative solutions in
order to inform more progressive policy making in the context of Southeast Asian coastal cities.
This paper introduces governance and decision-making processes for urban development in Ho Chi Minh
City and gives an overview of adaptation planning and strategies to deal with increasing levels of urban
flooding. It provides a comparative case study of two urban upgrading projects that affected low-income
dwellers in informal settlements. Through this analysis, the authors illustrate the complex socio-economic
situation of project beneficiaries and impacted residents, as well as the social justice implications of
adaptation policies, and hope to identify how Ho Chi Minh City can move toward more transformative
Huynh Thi Phuong Linh; Nguyen Hong Quan
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