2019 - Present






Our impact so far

As an island nation with exposed coastlines, rivers and mountains, floods have played an important role in the history of the UK. The four primary types of flooding include fluvial (riverine), coastal, pluvial (surface water), and groundwater flooding. Fluvial flooding is the leading cause of flood damage, accounting for approximately half of all annual flood losses. Climate change, population growth, and socio-economic developments are the key factors contributing to the escalating flood risk levels in the UK.

LSE has collaborated closely with the East Suffolk Council to assess the flood resilience of communities on the East Coast of England. The East Coast faces high risks of coastal erosion, storm surge, and pluvial and fluvial flooding. This program aims to promote system-level decision-making for flood resilience by considering a wide range of measures to enhance social, human, natural, physical, and financial capacities within communities.

The outcomes of this collaboration have been instrumental in developing grant proposals by the local authority. As a result, the East Suffolk Council successfully secured £8 million of national funding for various flood resilience projects in Norfolk and Suffolk. Furthermore, the outcome of this project has served as valuable local evidence for consultation on the UK’s National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Strategy for England.

Sara, Viktor and Swenja's story

Country Partners

Programme highlights


Promising steps towards creating a more flood-resilient England


Flood resilience requires more than concrete walls, argues Dr Sara Mehryar


How mind-mapping can support community decision-making

The future

As a member of the Alliance, LSE will continue to study the baseline resilience of communities in Lowestoft and identify resilience gaps to support evidence-based decision making and investment.

“It is encouraging to see the UK government recognising that flood risk management is an important investment area: we welcome recent announcements on spending and policy, including the new Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management (FCERM) policy on 14 July 2020, which assigns a budget of £170 million to 22 at-risk areas in England to accelerate ‘shovel-ready’ flood protection projects.

While acknowledging the recent funding announcements, it is important to recognise that investments in large-scale flood protections will take time to materialise and will never completely remove flood risk. Therefore, it should be kept in mind that flood protection is never absolute and may even create a false sense of security, as it tends to stop other complementary risk reduction and adaptation activities from going ahead. Considering the concept of residual risk, including the potential failure or breach of flood defences, it is important to continue with holistic resilience efforts, including property-level protection measures and nature-based solutions.”

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