Theory of change

To achieve our ambitious vision and meet the targets we have set out for the Alliance, we have developed an integrated Theory of Change

Objective 1

Increased funding for flood resilience

1.1 Increased ODA/DRR/CCA funding for flood resilience

1.2 Development, humanitarian, and infrastructure spending builds flood resilience

1.3 National governments increase investment in flood resilience

1.4 Innovative forms of finance created

Objective 2

Policies at global, national, and sub-national levels are improved

2.1 National and local governments have effective resilience policies

2.2 Flood resilience better incorporated into UNFCCC mechanisms, including NDCs and NAPs

2.3 Municipal plans and policies support flood resilience

Objective 3

Improve flood resilience practice

3.1 Strong risk informed flood resilience approaches incorporated into humanitarian and development programmes

3.2 Improved programme management cycle supports flood resilience

3.3 Improved practice supports flood resilience in vulnerable areas

Achieving, and measuring, change

  • Objective 1

    Increased funding for flood resilience

  • 1.1 Increased ODA/DRR/CCA funding for flood resilience

  • 1.2 Development, humanitarian, and infrastructure spending builds flood resilience

  • 1.3 National governments increase investment in flood resilience

  • 1.4 Innovative forms of finance created

  • Objective 2

    Policies at global, national, and sub-national levels are improved

  • 2.1 National and local governments have effective resilience policies

  • 2.2 Flood resilience better incorporated into UNFCCC mechanisms, including NDCs and NAPs

  • 2.3 Municipal plans and policies support flood resilience

  • Objective 3

    Improve flood resilience practice

  • 3.1 Strong risk informed flood resilience approaches incorporated into humanitarian and development programmes

  • 3.2 Improved programme management cycle supports flood resilience

  • 3.3 Improved practice supports flood resilience in vulnerable areas

Achieving, and measuring, change

To track our progress towards the Theory of Change made on global and community levels, and to document our impact we have developed a Monitoring, Reporting, and Learning (MRL) system.

Using this system, we measure the change we are achieving and how we are achieving it to support better cross-Alliance coordination and strategy. 

Input

  • money
  • staff time
  • internal and external expertise

Outputs

  • knowledge products
  • community interventions

Outcomes

  • plans, policies and finance commitments
  • increases in stakeholder knowledge, capacity, and collaboration
  • demonstration of flood resilience best practices
  • changes in stakeholder behaviour

Impact

  • increased spending on flood resilience
  • improved flood resilience policies
  • increase in community flood resilience

How we work 

 

We work to achieve our objectives through long-term flexible community programmes, producing new research, sharing our knowledge, and influencing key stakeholders on flood resilience.

Our workstream structure supports sector specific work, while cross-workstream collaboration allows us to aggregate that work to deliver shared objectives. The workstreams and governance bodies together support a distributed operational model designed to allow all partners to take responsibility for the delivery of Alliance objectives, with no single organisation, including Zurich, being the sole ‘manager’ of the Alliance.

Our priorities

Why Floods?

Floods affect more people globally than any other type of natural hazard and cause some of the largest economic, social, and humanitarian losses. More than 730 million people were affected by floods between 2008 and 2017.

Climate change combined with population growth, urbanisation, and economic development will only make flooding worse.

Why resilience?

Increasing pre-event investment in flood resilience will reduce the losses and damages caused by floods. Every USD 1 invested in flood risk reduction has been documented to save on average USD 5 in future losses.

To be resilient a community, system, or society must be able to continue on their development and growth path while managing disaster risk over time. This means investments should reduce risk or deliver resilience in addition to development. 

Why focus on communities?

National and global-level decisions contribute to flood risk and resilience. The impact of floods are felt most immediately by communities.  

The community level is also where resilience actions can be taken, and communities often know best how and where to focus activity for impact.

Working with communities, we can demonstrate tangible impacts on peoples' lives and develop good practices to shape policy at higher levels.

Why measure Resilience?

The Alliance’s approach is centered around generating evidence-informed flood resilience practice. To do this, we first measure flood resilience in the communities we work in to identify resilience gaps and strengths, and then co-generate flood resilience approaches and solutions with local stakeholders.

In the absence of internationally validated methods for measuring any disaster resilience, we have developed the Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities (FRMC), a flood resilience measurement framework and tool for communities.

By measuring resilience we hope to contribute the evidence needed to increase social, political, and financial investments in floods resilience.

Where we work 

 

The Alliance is currently working in communities in Latin America, Europe, and South and South East Asia, and is expanding into Africa. In addition to our community work, we have also carried out Post Event Review Capability studies in the Americas, Africa, South Asia, and Australia.  

Use the map to find out more about the work Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance partners are doing around the world. Or learn about all the countries we work in here

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Our knowledge 

 

We facilitate learning on flood resilience gaps and good practices to: 

  • Ensure that practitioners can learn from our experiences and flood resilience approaches, and 
  • Generate evidence to influence flood resilience investments and policy.

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Solutions we can offer


Flood Resilience Portals

Whether you live or work in a flood-prone community, or carry out research for the benefit of those who do, the Flood Resilience Portals provide easy access to the knowledge and practical solutions you need to build resilience.

We know from experience that resilience is best built locally. That’s why we, alongside the Global Flood Resilience Portal, also provide locally-specific information, often in the local language, through interconnected regional portals.

LatAM Bangladesh Nepal West Africa

Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities

The Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities (FRMC) framework and tool was created by the Alliance in 2013 and is an innovation in community flood resilience theory and practice.

The FRMC allows users to generate evidence on how a given area or community is already resilient to floods, as well as providing a guide to further build this resilience.

Find out more and access the tool 

Post Event Review Capability 

The award- winning Post-Event Review Capability (PERC) methodology was created to provide conduct independent research and independent reviews of large flood events. The PERC helps to understand why a hazard became a disaster and identify opportunities for building resilience.

Find out more 

What we’ve learnt so far

Every year the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance shares our achievements, and the knowledge we’ve gained, in a learning report. 

In the second year of Phase II of the Alliance, we have achieved and learnt:

We have reached people through diverse interventions grounded in the FRMC process. Many Alliance communities have applied their flood resilience knowledge and actions to manage the COVID-19 pandemic.

We have contributed to improved flood resilience policy and spending in the countries we work in and to global policy and spending commitments. Now, given the COVID-19 pandemic, we are advocating for flood resilience funding and policy commitments to be honored.

Decision-makers are more likely to take up policy recommendations backed by strong, quantitative evidence of resilience gaps and good practices. 

Resilience actions must have co-benefits for other hazards, or at the very least not lead to maladaptation, and thereby contribute to building multi-hazard resilience. 

Programme sustainability can in part be achieved by building strong local relationships that lead to collaboration and coordination between local stakeholders as issues and crises emerge.  

Practitioners and the communities are better able to work towards resilience outcomes if they go through a ‘resilience learning process’ to understand what resilience means in their local context.